International Cooperation in Educating and Training Police: Forwarding ASEAN’s Vision 2020 to Combat Non-Traditional Crimes




Police education and training, non-traditional crime, ASEAN, international police cooperation


This paper draws a detailed description of overall cross-border crimes that Southeast Asian region must be faced when forwarding one common communities on 2020. In order to improving capacity to preventing and combating non-traditional crimes, enhancing international cooperation in education and training for law enforcement agencies is considered as one of the priorities with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) members. Thus, identifying effective models and professional opportunities in this field between Universities/Academies Police plays an important role in regional strategies to fighting transnational organized crime. To some extent, this study will divide into three main parts. Part one introduces briefly the ASEAN’s challenges and difficulties in dealing with non-traditional security and its forms of crime must be faced in integrated process with the worldwide. Part two gauges two basically current systems to police education and training around the world and its advantages and disadvantages. Finally, part three will discuss how about perspectives for international cooperation in training for law enforcement agencies to combating non-traditional crimes at ASEAN region in the future.

Author Biography

Hai Thanh Luong, Royal Melbourne Institute for Technology (RMIT) University

Mr. Hai Thanh Luong (Major Colonel Police) graduated Bachelor of Law at the People’s Police Academy of Vietnam since 2004 and spent continuously around ten years in law enforcement agencies with both lecturing and practicing’ activities. In 2010, he awarded Australian scholarship and achieved Master for Transnational Crime Prevention at University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia. To date, he have completed PhD with topic ‘transnational drug trafficking and law enforcement: a Vietnam perspective’ at School of Global, Urban and Social Studies, RMIT University, Victoria, Australia. His interests of areas are focus on border crime, transnational organized crime in Asia, drug trafficking, policing and police training.



Hui, K.B. Speech Remark at 80th INTERPOL General Assembly viewed 11 August 2013. 2011.

Anthony, M.C. and P.K.K. Hangzo, Transnational Crime, in Non-Traditional Security in Asia: Issues, Challenges and Framework for Action, Mely Caballero-Anthony and Alistair D. B. Cook, Editor. 2013, Institution of Southeast Asian Studies: Singapore. p. 234-67.

Naim, M., Illicit: How Smugglers, Traffickers, and Copycats are Hijacking the Global Economy. 2006, New York, the U.S.: Anchor Books.

INCSR, International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 2012. 2012, United States Department of State, Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs: Washington D.C.

UNODC, The Globalization of Crime: A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment. 2010, United Nations Publication: Vienna, Austria.

Mandel, R., Dark Logic: Transnational Criminal Tactics and Global Security. 2011, California: Stanford Univeristy Press.

Dicken, P., Global Shift: Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy. 6th ed. 2011, New York, the U.S.: The Guilford Press.

Balzer, A.J., International Police Cooperation: Opportunities and Obstacles, in Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Comparing Firsthand Knowledge with Experience from the West, M. Pagon, Editor. 1996, College of Police and Security Studies Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Prenzler, T., ed. Policing and Security in Practice: Challenges and Achievements. 2012, Palgrave MacMillan: Hampshire, U.K.

UNODC, Manual on Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition. 2012, New York, the U.S.: United Nations Publication.

ASEAN, The ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration), ASEAN, Editor. 1967, ASEAN Publication: Bangkok, Thailand.

Minh, L.L. Moving ASEAN Forward, Strenthening Community Building, Special address by Secretary General of ASEAN at the 10th ASEAN Leadership Forum, 18 July 2013. 2013.

Emmers, R., The threat of transnational crime in Southeast Asia: drug trafficking, human smuggling and trafficking, and sea piracy, in UNISCI Discussion Papers. 2009, Research Unit on International Security and Cooperation (UNISCI). p. 1-11.

Emmers, R., ASEAN and the securitization of transnational crime in Southeast Asia. The Pacific Review, 2003. 16(3): p. 419-438.

ASEAN, On Track to ASEAN Community 2015: ASEAN Annual Report 2012-2013. 2013, ASEAN Secretariat: Jarkata, Indonesia.

ASEAN, ASEAN Documents on Combating Transnational Crime and Terrorism. A Compilation of ASEAN Declarations, Joint Declarations, and Statements on Combating Transnational Crime and Terrorism, ed. Security Cooperation Division. 2012, Jakarta, Indonesia: Public Outreach and Civil Society Division.

Roth, M.P. and M. Sever, Barriers to International Police Cooperation in the Age of Terrorism, in Understanding and Responding to Terrorism, H. Durmaz, et al., Editors. 2007, IOS Press: Amsterdam, the Netherlands. p. 42-56.

Omae, K., The Borderless World: Power and Strategy in Interlinked Economy - Management Lessons in the New Logic of the Global Marketplace. 1990, New York, the U.S.: Harper Collins Publishers, Inc.

Friedman, T.L., The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century. 2005, New York, the U.S.: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Gerspacher, N. and D. Benoît, The Nodal Structure of International Police Cooperation: An Exploration of Transnational Security Networks. Global Governance, 2007. 13(3): p. 347-364.

Gerspacher, N., The Roles of International Police Cooperation Organizations. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law & Criminal Justice, 2005. 13(3): p. 413-434.

Frost, T.B., The Case for International Police Cooperation on Training Issues, in Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Comparing Firsthand Knowledge with Experience from the West, M. Pagon, Editor. 1996, College of Police and Security Studies Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Loader, I. and D. Walker, Governing policing in the 21st Century. Criminal Justice Matters, 1999. 38(1): p. 9-11.

Home Office, Policing in the 21st Century: Reconnecting Police and the People. 2010, Home Office: London, U.K.

Bierhals, G. Towards the Freedom of the Operating System: the French Gendarmerie goes for Ubuntu. 2010.

Paoletti, D.C., A Military History of Italy. 2008, Westport, CT, the U.S.: Praeger

OSCE, Policing Profiles of Participanting and Partner States, in Country Profiles>. 2002.

OSCE, Policing Profiles of Participating and Partner States (Romania), in Country Profiles (available at - Country_Profile_Section_172>. 2001.

Nichol, J., Russian Military Reform and Defense Policy. 2011, CRS Report for Congress: Washington D.C, the U.S.

Kratcoski, P.C., Police Education and Training in a Global Society: Guest Editor's Introduction. Police Practice and Research, 2004. 5(2): p. 103-105.

Ryan, C.M., "Tough, Loyal, Reputable": D/discourse and Subcultures in Vocational Police Training. the International Journal of Training Research, 2010. 4.

Hall, S. Police Training and Education: A Representative Global Perspective. in the Ninth Annual Meeting of the International Police Executive Symposium. 2002. Antalya, Turkey: International Police Executive Symposium.

Ha Chi The People's Police Academy: 15 years of Postgraduate Training. Social Order Science and Education Magazine, Vol 7, 2006.

Phu, T.N. Undergraduate Training Programme at the People's Police Academy. 2009 [cited 2009 28 September]; Available from:

Phu, T.N. Contents, Training Program of Regular Univeristy Level in People's Police Academy. 2006 [cited 2006 15 April]; Available from:

Mareninova, P.S., Issues Facing Legal Education in Russia: Some Problems and Solutions, in Law and Legal Education in Russia. 2012, UCLA International Institute: Los Angeles, the U.S.>.

People's Public Security Univeristy of China, School Profile, in Official website>. 2013.

the Police Academy of the Czech Republic. Study Programme and Education at the Police Academy of the Czech Republic. 2012 [cited 1 April 2008.

Vodde, R.F., Organizatioinal Paradigms for Police Training and Education. International Police Training Journal, 2011. 17-21(2).

Thailand Royal Police Cadet Academy. Curriculum of Royal Police Cadet Program. 2006.

Singhsilarak, J. and S. Cheurprakobkit, Police Education and Training in Thailand, in Police Education and Training in a Global Society, P.C. Kratcoski and D.K. Das, Editors. 2007, Lexington Books: Lanham, MD, the U.S. p. 57-71.

Das, D.K. and P.C. Kratcoski, International police co-operation: a world perspective. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 1999. 22(2): p. 214-242.

Karp, S. and H. Stenmark, Learning to be a police officer. Tradition and change in the training and professional lives of police officers. Police Practice and Research, 2010. 12(1): p. 4-15.

Travis, L.F. and R.H. Langworthy, Policing in America: A Ballance of Forces. 2007, the U.S.: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Chappell, A.T., Police Academy Training: Comparing across Curricula. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 2008. 31(1): p. 36-56.

Trofymowych, D., Police Education Past and Present: Perceptions of Australian Police Managers and Academics. Flinders Journal of Law Reform, 2008. 10: p. 419-433.

Heslop, R. ‘They didn’t treat us like professionals’: a case study of police recruits trained at a university. in Professional lifelong learning: Critical perspectives on professional learning conference. University of Leeds. 2010.

Wood, D.A. and T. Stephen, The future of initial police training: a university perspective. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 2009. 11(3): p. 294-305.




How to Cite

Luong, H. T. (2017). International Cooperation in Educating and Training Police: Forwarding ASEAN’s Vision 2020 to Combat Non-Traditional Crimes. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 4(12).