• Ugumanimn Bassey Obo
  • Jacob Iba Omenka
  • Tabitha Venenge Agishi
  • Maurice Ayodele Coker Department of Political Science University of Calabar Calabar Nigeria




Keywords, Subsidy, subsidy removal, hardship, Rehoboam, fuel, petrol



This essay specifically focuses attention on one of the policies of the government of Muhammadu Buhari, that is, the policy of removal of fuel subsidy and the increase of pump price of petrol in Nigeria, and the dire consequences it has had for the wellbeing of the people. It is argued that given the size of the pump price increase, the way it was enforced, and the enormous increases in the costs of goods and services which it has engendered, President Buhari appears to be in the same league with the Biblical King Rehoboam who presided over an era of unprecedented cruelty in Israel. It is also reasoned that if well-articulated, managed and targeted, subsidy can serve as a policy instrument for the promotion of the public good. This paper also stresses the need for Nigeria to urgently stop the importation of refined petroleum products and begin to refine its products domestically.

dire consequences 

Author Biography

Maurice Ayodele Coker, Department of Political Science University of Calabar Calabar Nigeria

Professor of Political Science

Department of Political Science
University of Calabar



Adelakun, Abimbola (2017). “Buhari and the Prophets of Baal” in the Punch, February 9.

Adesanmi, Pius (2016). “It Will Get Worse Before It Gets Better” available at www.sahrareporters.com. Accessed on May 14, 2016

Adetula, Victor A. (1992). “The Political Economy Of Democratic Transition In Nigeria, 1985-1991” in B. Caron, A. Gboyega and E. Osaghae eds., Democratic Transition In Africa. Ibadan, Nigeria: Centre de Recherchesd’Echangeset de Documentation Universitaire, CREDU.

Ajala, Dolapo (2012). “The Goodluck Present – An Analysis on Oil Subsidy” available at www.saharareporters.com. Accessed on January 12, 2012

Ajayi, S. Ibi (2003). Nigeria and the Political Economy of Development: The Dreams, the Myth and the Reality. Ibadan, Nigeria: The Nigerian Economic Society

Akinloye, Bayo (2017). “Buhari Not Competent To Govern Any Country – Kperogi” in The Punch, January 29.

Anazodo, Rosemary, Uche Ezenwile and D. C. Chukwurah (2014). “The Impact of Oil Subsidy Removal on Infrastructural Development in Nigeria (2000-2012)” in Public Administration Research, Vol. 3, No. 1.

Baje, Ayo Oyoze (2016). “Do They Know We Are Suffering?” in the Punch, August 5

Boladale, Adekoya (2016). “How Buhari’s Government Is Weaponizing Hunger” available at www.saharareporters.com. Accessed on December 29, 2016

Director, Osa (2005). “Between Obasanjo and God” in Insider Weekly, September 12

Efo, Nkeneke (2002). “Hard Times” in the News, November 25.

Ekpe, Aniekan E. (2003). “The IMF, Price Deregulation and Third World Development: An Empirical Analysis of the Withdrawal of Petroleum Subsidy on Nigeria’s Economy” in Journal of Globalization and International Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, July-December

Ekpo, Akpan H. (2011). “The Petroleum Subsidy Palava” in TELL, July 18.

Elaigwu, J. Isawa (2004). The Challenges of Nation-Building in the Twenty-First Century: The Nigerian Experience. Calabar, Nigeria: University of Calabar Press

Exenberger, Andreas (2013). “The Phenomenon Of Globalization: A First Orientation” in Philipp Strobl and Manfred Kohler eds., The Phenomenon Of Globalization: A Collection Of Interdisciplinary Globalization Research Essays. Frankfurt: Peter Lang GmbH InternationalerVerlag der Wissenschaften.

Eyekpimi, Omawumi (2016). “Fuel Subsidy Removal And The Nigerian Economy: Advantages and Disadvantages” available at www.infoGuideNigeria.com. Accessed on October 25, 2016

Gaskia, Jaye (2011). “Governing By Stealth: Exploding The Myths around the Oil Subsidy Removal/Fuel Price Hike Agenda of the Nigerian Government”, available at www.saharareporters.com. Accessed on December 28, 2011

George, Taiwo (2015). “Buhari: No Good Reason to Remove Fuel Subsidy”, available at www.thecable.ng-2015. Accessed on July 13, 2015

Majekodunmi, Aderonke (2013). “The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidy Removal in Nigeria” in International Journal of Management and Social Science Research (IJMSSR), Vol. 2, No. 7, July

Momoh, Abuakar and Maryam Quadri (2015). “Values in Analysis: Some Considerations on the Pitfalls of Public Policy Analysis”. In Celestine Oyom Bassey and Uno Ijim Agbor eds., Public Policy and Politics in Nigeria: A Critical Discourse. Lagos, Nigeria: Concept Publications Limited

Obo, UgumanimBassey and Moses A. Abua (2008). “Democracy And The Dialectics Of Mass Poverty: The Nigerian Experience (1999-2006)” in LWATI: A Journal of Contemporary Research, Vol. 5, June

Obo, UgumanimBassey, Maurice Ayodele Coker and Jacob IbaOmenka (2014). “The State As An Instrument Of Primitive Accumulation: The Nigerian Example, 1999-2013” in Journal Of Law, Policy And Globalization, Vol. 26

Obo, Ugumanim Bassey, Felix Onen Eteng and Maurice Ayodele Coker (2014).“Public Opinion And The Public Policy Making Process In Nigeria: A Critical Assessment” In Canadian Social Science, Vol. 10, No. 5, October 31.

Ochonu, Moses E. (2016). “The Fuel Supply Problems: Don’t Dump It on Nigerians” available at www.saharareporters.com. Accessed on May 13, 2016

Ogundipe, Olufemi (2009). “Where Has All the Money Gone?” in the News, December 7

Ojekheta, K. O. (2010). “Epistemological Vandalism Of Learning In Africa: A Paradigm Shift From Traditional Banking Education To Libertarian, Dialogic And Problem-Posing Education” in A. O. Agwuele, U. M. Nwankwo and O. Akinwumi eds., Multidisciplinary Perspectives On Overcoming The African predicament. Berlin: Mediateam IT Publishers.

Oyabure, Ehi (2011). “Analysis of Fuel Subsidy Removal” available at www.saharareporters.com. Accessed on November 25, 2011.

Sote, Lekan (2012). “Vexing Issue of Fuel Subsidy” in the Punch, November 6.

Tandon, Rajesh (2009). “Challenging The Professionals: The Imperative Of Democratic Governance Today” in Adult Education And Development, 72.

“Text of President Buhari’s Anniversary Speech” n.a. available at www.punchng.com/text-president…

The Bible, revised standard version

The Punch, January 19, 2017. “Discarding Wasteful Substances In 2017 Budget”, an editorial.

Timamy, M. H. Khalil (2007). The Political Economy of Technological Underdevelopment in Africa: Renaissance Prospects, Global Tyranny, and Organised Spoliation. Lagos, Nigeria: Centre For Black and African Arts and Civilization (CBAAC)

Uchendu, V. C. (2015). “A Theory of Public Policy” in Celestine OyomBassey and Uno IjimAgbor eds. cited above

Ukah, Ndubuisi (2016). “Nigeria at an Economic Crossroads” in the Guardian, September 9.

Yesufu, Kemi, Fred Itua and Ndubuisi Orji (2016). “Saraki To Buhari: There’s Hardship in Nigeria”, in Daily Sun, December 15.




How to Cite

Bassey Obo, U., Iba Omenka, J., Venenge Agishi, T., & Coker, M. A. (2017). FUEL SUBSIDY REMOVAL AND THE UBIQUITY OF HARDSHIP IN NIGERIA: PRESIDENT BUHARI AND LESSONS FROM KING REHOBOAM. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 4(14). https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.414.2946