The effect of the economic crisis on the functioning of families with language-disordered children
Economic crises worldwide impact mental health. Job insecurity and consequent distress and uncertainty, affect the family and its functioning. The studys purpose is to compare the psychosocial outcomes for the families of children with specific developmental disorders (SDD) during two time periods: a) before the commencement of the economic crisis in Greece (N=22), b) during the economic crisis (N=25). Data consists of childs diagnosis, parents age, educational level and professions, and the familys psychosocial diagnoses (ICD-10, 1991). Results show that Group B has significantly more problems related to the childs upbringing (p=0.0163): insufficient parental control and supervision, hostile behaviour towards the child, emotional neglect and difficulties in sustaining boundaries. In conclusion the emotional and practical difficulties elicited by the economic crisis appear to have a direct impact on families of SDD preschoolers. The findings highlight the need for focused interventions through community services to deal with this issue.
Anagnostopoulos, D.K. & Soumaki, E. (2012). The impact of socio-economic crisis on mental health of children and adolescents. Psychiatriki, Jan-Mar; 23(1):13-6.
Belsky, J. (1993). Etiology of child maltreatment: A developmental-ecological analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 413-434.
Belsky, J., Fish M. & Isabella R. (1991). Continuity and discontinuity in infant negative and positive emotionality: Family antecedent and attachment consequences. Developmental Psychology, 27, 421-431.
Bouras, G. & Lykouras,L. (2011). The economic crisis and its repercussions on mental health. Engefalos, 48:54-61
Butterworth, P., Rodgers, B. & Windsor, T.D. (2009). Financial hardship, socioeconomic position and depression: results from the PATH Through Life Survey. Soc Sci Med, 69:229237.
Chalkousi, G., Vlachaki, E., Voulgari, A., Voutirakos, P., Grigoriadou, ?. & Gravani, ?. (2012). The effects of the economic crisis on mental health: The experience of the Greek Centre for Mental health and Research. Synapsis, 26, 8:4-8.
Chang, S.S., Stuckler, D., Yip, P. & Gunnel, D. (2013). Impact of 2008 global economic crisis on suicide: time trend study in 54 countries. BMJ, 347:f5239.
Chatterjee, P. (2009). Economic crisis highlights mental health issues in India. Lancet, 373:1160-116.
Economou, M., Peppou, L.E., Louki, E., Komporozos A., Mellou A. & Stefanis C. (2012). Depression telephone helpline: help seeking during the financial crisis. Psychiatriki, Jan-Mar; 23(1):17-28.
Economou, M. & Mavreas, V. (2011). The social dimension of depression. Announcement 21st Hellenic Psychiatric Conference, Athens, May.
Fatourou, M. (2010). Job and unemployment: psychological consequences. Encephalos, 47, 4:176-180.
Ferrie, J.E., Shipley, M.J., Marmot, M.G., Stansfeld, S., & Davey-Smith, G. (1998). The health effects of major organizational change and job insecurity. Soc Sci Med, 46:243-254.
Friedman, J. & Thomas D. (2009). Psychological health before, during and after the economic crisis: Results from Indonesia. World Bank Economic Review, 23:57-76.
Gabarino, J. (1992). The meaning of poverty in the world of children. American Behavioral Scientist, 35, 220-237.
Giotakos, O., Tsouvelas, G. & Kontaxakis, V. (2012). Suicide rates and mental health services in Greece. Psychiatriki. Jan-Mar; 23(1):29-38.
Giotakos, ?., Karabelas, D. & Kafkas, ?. (2011). The impact of the economic crisis on mental health in Greece. Psychiatriki, 22, 2:109-119.
Lazaratou, E. & Vlassopoulou, M. (2006). Developmental disorders of childhood and mental retardation., Sygramma Psychiatrikis, B vol. (K.Soldatos, L.Lykouras) Vita pub Athens, 537-557.
Lee, S., Guo, W.J., Tsang, A., Mak, A.P.D., Wu, J., Ng, K.L. et al.
(2010). Evidence for the 2008 economic crisis exacerbating depression in Hong Kong. J Affect Disorders 126:125-133.
Melchior, M. et al. (2010). Family income and youths' symptoms of depression and anxiety: a longitudinal study of the French GAZEL Youth cohort. Depress Anxiet. Dec; 27(12):1095-103.
Meltzer, H., Bebbington, P., Brugha, T. & Jenkins, R. (2010). Job insecurity, socio-economic circumstances and depression. Psychol Med, 40:1401-1407.
Paul, K. & Moser, K. (2009). Unemployment impairs mental health: metaanalyses. J Vocat Behav 2009, 74:264282.
Probst, TM. (2005). Economic stressors. In: Barling J, Kelloway K, Frone M (eds) Handbook of work stress. Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage, 267297.
Solantaus, T., Leinonen, J. & Punamaki, R.L. (2004). Childrens Mental Health in Times of Economic Recession: Replication and Extension of the Family Economic Stress Model in Finland. Dev Psych 2004, Vol. 40, No. 3, 412429
Stuckler, D. et al. (2009). The public health affect of economic crisis and alternative policy responses in Europe: an empirical analysis. Lancet, 374:315-323.
Vlassopoulou, M., Tsipra, I., Legaki, L. & Rotsika, V. (2010). Early Intervention Program of children with Specific Developmental Disorders. In Developmental Language Disorders- from basic research to clinical practice (Vogindroukas I, Stavrakaki A, Okalidou A) Epikentro pub, Thessaloniki, 299-321.
Westbrook, T.R. & Harden, B.J. (2010). Pathways among exposure to violence, maternal depression, family structure, and child outcomes through parenting: a multigroup analysis. Am J Orthopsychiatry. Jul;80(3):386-400.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
All authors of manuscripts accepted for publication in the journal Transactions on Networks and Communications are required to license the Scholar Publishing to publish the manuscript. Each author should sign one of the following forms, as appropriate:
License to publish; to be used by most authors. This grants the publisher a license of copyright. Download forms (MS Word formats) - (doc)
Publication agreement — Crown copyright; to be used by authors who are public servants in a Commonwealth country, such as Canada, U.K., Australia. Download forms (Adobe or MS Word formats) - (doc)
License to publish — U.S. official; to be used by authors who are officials of the U.S. government. Download forms (Adobe or MS Word formats) – (doc)
The preferred method to submit a completed, signed copyright form is to upload it within the task assigned to you in the Manuscript submission system, after the submission of your manuscript. Alternatively, you can submit it by email firstname.lastname@example.org