Does Governance in MENA Countries Attract Migrants' Remittances?

Authors

  • Khaled Elorabi School of Business and Economics, UPM
  • Suryati Ishak School of Business and Economics, UPM
  • Norashidah Mohamed Nor School of Business and Economics, UPM
  • Saifuzzaman Ibrahim School of Business and Economics, UPM

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.101.13763

Keywords:

Governance, Migrants' Remittances, Middle East and North Africa, Pooled Mean Group

Abstract

Over the past years, international remittance of migrants to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has increased dramatically and become more resilient external financing sources than other capital flows, such as FDI, portfolio investment, and foreign aid. Nevertheless, the magnitude of remittances flowing into that region is less than expected. The research, hence, attempts to analyze the impact of governance on the volume of remittances in receiving economies in MENA from 1996 until 2020 by using the pooled mean group, mean group, and dynamic fixed effect methods. The results show that poor governance in MENA stimulates migrants to remit more to support and assist their relatives with their deplorable living conditions. Consequently, policymakers in the MENA region must strive to identify the underlying causes of weak governance and provide applicable solutions, as migrants' remittances cannot entirely eradicate the damage caused by the poor quality of governance. They also should provide an attractive environment for international remittances by applying policies pushing migrants to remit more, such as accelerating administrative procedures for business and increasing the interest rate on foreign currency deposits.

 

Author Biographies

Khaled Elorabi, School of Business and Economics, UPM

 

 

 

 

 

Suryati Ishak, School of Business and Economics, UPM

 

 

Norashidah Mohamed Nor, School of Business and Economics, UPM

 

 

Saifuzzaman Ibrahim, School of Business and Economics, UPM

 

 

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Published

2023-01-12

How to Cite

Elorabi, K., Ishak, S., Nor, N. M., & Ibrahim, S. (2023). Does Governance in MENA Countries Attract Migrants’ Remittances?. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 10(1), 24–37. https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.101.13763