Human Trafficking in Malaysia: The Right of Women and Children (2010-2019)


  • Abdullahi Ayoade Ahmad University Sultan Zainal Abidin Malaysia (UniSZA)
  • Nursairah Farhana Mohd Noor University Sultan Zainal Abidin Malaysia (UniSZA)
  • Ain Zulaikha Ramlan University Sultan Zainal Abidin Malaysia (UniSZA)



Women and Children, Human Trafficking, Human Rights, Malaysia, Migration, Sexual Exploitation, Forced Labor


Human trafficking is gaining attention internationally as a serious human rights violation. Today, almost every nation of the world is affected by human trafficking activities. Cases that are involving women and children trafficking are among the primary concern in Malaysia today. Besides, trafficking in women and children is a violation of human rights, mostly in the forms of sexual exploitation and forced labor. It threatens the security and the socio-economic condition of Malaysia. Human trafficking is commonly occurring within the perimeter of cross borders, it influences high numbers of women and children being trafficked due to poverty or internal unrest. Majority of them are originated from the neighborhood ASEAN member states and Malaysia is seen as a transit country. This paper deliberates on issue of human trafficking in Malaysia. It examines state and international policies towards combatting human trafficking issue in order to seek an adjustable solution. Likewise, it is also regarding the human rights matter due to violations faced by the vulnerable women and children. Finally, it examines the challenges that law enforcements are confronting in combatting human trafficking in Malaysia. The study adopts descriptive qualitative research method through the use of secondary resources. It was found that Malaysia has issues in standardizing clear proceeding to determine the perpetrators of Human trafficked victims. It was proposed that enforcement agents need to be diligently experienced in handling arrest of exploiters of immigrants. Furthermore, it was equally found that Malaysia lacks adequate implementation in the process of protecting the rights of the trafficked victims. The paper proposed some input on adequate strategies for handling human trafficking in Malaysia.


Abdullah, M. C. (2019). Treat migrant workers right. Retrieved from

. Anthony, M. C. (2018). A Hidden Scourge IMF Finance & Development Vol 55 No 3 .Retrieved from

. Dr Rohani A.R, M. A. (2015). Combatting smuggling in persons : A Malaysia experience. SHS Web of Conference. EDP Sciences.]

. International Labour Organization (2020) Triangle in ASEAN Quarterly Briefing Note

. International Organization for Migration (2005) Data and research on human trafficking : A global survey]

. Ismail, M. (2018). ASEAN : Epicentre of human trafficking.]

Ismail, W. I. (2014). Human Trafficking Policy Implementation : A Case Study of Malaysia.]

. Katherine Southwick, J. M. (2009). Nationality Rights for All: A Progress Report and Global Survey on Statelessness. Refugees International.]

. Le, E. Y. (n.d.). Trafficking in Malaysia and surrounding areas.]

. Library of Congress (2016). Training related to combatting human traffiking : Malaysia.]

. Lyons, L., Ford, M. (2014) Trafficking versus smuggling: Malaysia’s Anti Trafficking in Persons Act]

. Nik Mood, N.Z. (2017) Foreign Labor in Malaysia:.]

. United Nations (2015). Universal Declaration of Human Rights . United Nations.]

. United States (2010). 2010 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Malaysia.]

. SUHAKAM. (n.d.). Official Portal . Retrieved from Human Rights Commission of Malaysia: [Retrieved from]

. SUHAKAM. (2004). Trafficking in women and children. SUHAKAM.]

. SUHAKAM, T. H. (n.d.). The role of prevention in the promotion and protection of human rights. Retrieved from]

. Suhana Saad, A. S. (2014). Government policy and the challenge of eradicating human trafficking in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space]

. The Commissioner of Law Revision, M. (2014). Laws of Malaysia - Anti Trafficking in Persons and Anti Smuggling of Migrants Act 2007. The Commissioner of Law Revision, Malaysia.]

. United Nations, Commissioner (2014). Human Rights and Human Trafficking.]

. United Nations, Crime Department. (2018). Global Report on Trafficking in Persons. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.]

. United Nations, Secretariat (2019) Contribution to the expert symposium on international migration and development]

. United States Embassy (2011). 2011 - Trafficking in Persons Report (MALAYSIA).]

. United States Embassy (2014). 2014 - Trafficking in Persons Report (MALAYSIA).]

. United States Embassy (2018). 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report (Malaysia).]

. World Bank (2019) Malaysia Estimating the Number of Foreign Workers]

. Zainol, N. A. M., Jusop, A. Z., Ridzuan, A. A., & Kamaruddin, S. (2019). Managing Malaysian Border: The Challenges and Prospects in Maintaining Security. International Journal of Politics, Public Policy and Social Work, 1(3), 01-13.]

. Zuraini Ab Hamid, N. S. (2017). The challenges faced by the enforcement bodies in Malaysia on human trafficking. International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Vol. III, Issue 7]




How to Cite

Ahmad, A. A., Noor, N. F. M., & Ramlan, A. Z. (2022). Human Trafficking in Malaysia: The Right of Women and Children (2010-2019). Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 9(7), 347–357.