Antecedents and Consequences of Employee Well-Being: Empirical Study on Saudi Aramco

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Mansour Alghamdi
Siew-Imm Ng
Jo Ann Ho
Akram Abdulsamad
Sridar Ramachandran


This study addresses how employee well-being and knowledge sharing behavior can be managed within challenging work factors in the workplace environment. Besides identifying antecedents to well-being, it also seeks to examine the impact of well-being (psychological, physical, and social) on knowledge sharing behavior (tacit and explicit). The methodology of research in the present study is quantitative. The survey technique was used in data collection, it was conducted among 362 Saudi Aramco employees using the judgmental sampling method. Smart PLS was used for analyzing data. The findings illustrated that 1. Job hazards were found to affect the physical well-being of employees significantly. 2. As a result of improvement in physical and social well-being, better knowledge-sharing behavior in both tacit and explicit dimensions was demonstrated. In specific, tacit knowledge-sharing behavior is motivated more by physical well-being while explicit knowledge-sharing behavior is by social well-being. 3. Workplace conflict is found positively related to social well-being, contradicting hypothesized relationship. This seems to indicate Saudi Aramco employees embrace differences in view, beliefs, and feelings at work, and open discussion of conflicts enhances their social well-being. This study provides ideas to human resource management on strategies to enhance employee well-being for improved knowledge sharing behavior. Also, managers are encouraged to use open debates of differing views to resolve work matters professionally. This study deviates from current employee well-being studies by recognizing three different types of employees well beings (psychological, physical, and social) that contribute differently to knowledge sharing behavior. Also, it identifies factors that determine employee well beings.

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How to Cite
Alghamdi, M., Siew-Imm Ng, Jo Ann Ho, Abdulsamad , A. ., & Ramachandran, S. . (2021). Antecedents and Consequences of Employee Well-Being: Empirical Study on Saudi Aramco . Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 8(9), 256–277.
Author Biographies

Mansour Alghamdi, School of Business and Economics, UPM

Mansour Ali ALGhamdi is a Ph.D. student in the field of business economics in the School of Business and Economics, University Putra Malaysia (UPM). He has worked at an oil and Gas Company (Saudi Aramco) from 1991 to 2016 in many positions whether in the administrative sector or Oil and Gas industry.  His research interest area is Human Resources, International Business, Consumer Behaviour, and Customer Relationship Management. He completed his bachelor's degree from Arab Open University in the field of business administration in 2013 and his Master's degree from the University of Business and Technology in 2016 at Jeddah city in Saudi Arabia.

Siew-Imm Ng, School of Business and Economics, UPM

Siew-Imm Ng completed Ph.D. in Management from the University of Western Australia.  She is currently an Associate Professor in the School of Business and Economics, University Putra Malaysia. She has industry experience in the areas of human resource and export management with internationalizing Malaysian companies. She teaches business and management courses like Principles of Management, Cross-Cultural Management, and Business Research Methods. She has authored and co-authored many articles in refereed and professional journals, including Tourism Management, International Marketing Review, Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, and Journal of Air Transport Management.

Jo Ann Ho, School of Business and Economics, UPM

JO ANN is an Associate Professor at Universiti Putra Malaysia. Her main research areas are in ethics, corporate social responsibility and human resource management. Within ethics, her research concentrates on examining factors influencing individual and organizational ethics. Her other key research area is in corporate social responsibility and its relationship to organizational practices and performance.

Akram Abdulsamad , School of Business and Economics, UPM

Akram Abdulsamad is a Ph.D. candidate in the field of business economics at the School of Business and Economics, University Putra Malaysia (UPM). He completed Bachelor’s and Master's degrees in Business Economics at Aden University. He is currently a lecturer in the Department of Business Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, University of Aden. He has worked as a master trainer and consultor in marketing, entrepreneurship, strategic management, and Preparing feasibility studies with United Nations Development Program (UNDP), International Labour Organization (ILO), The Small and Micro Enterprise Promotion Service (SMEPS), and several non-profit organizations in Yemen. His research interest areas are strategic management, marketing information system, knowledge management, market orientation, entrepreneurial orientation, learning orientation, and SMEs performance and new product development performance.  He has authored and co-authored articles in refereed journals.

Sridar Ramachandran, School of Business and Economics, UPM

Sridar Ramachandran is a Professor specializing in sustainability with an emphasis in the areas of responsible tourism and marketing with Universiti Putra Malaysia’s School of Business and Economics. He served as the Head of Laboratory at the Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Studies for five years between 2016-2020. Prior to joining Universiti Putra Malaysia in 1999, he has gained valuable leadership experience in non-profit and corporate organizations.