Learning Approaches for Entrepreneurship Education


  • Ileana Hamburg IAT, Westfälische Hochschule Gelsenkirchen, Germany




Entrepreneurship education is one important topic for all European countries preparing people who can contributes to the ability of an economy to innovate, to create new businesses and new ideas. In both higher education as well as in vocational education and training (VET), suitable learning methods, special education modules oriented to entrepreneurial competences including traversal skills and attitudes as well as more specialized knowledge and business skills are necessary and could be supported by mentors. More options and opportunities for European and international exchanges are necessary.

This paper will give information about entrepreneurship education, mentoring and suitable learning methods for entrepreneurs, particularly problem based learning – PBL, conclusions and recommendations.

Keywordsentrepreneurship education, diversity, mentoring, problem based learning


Aarchus Technical College (2013). STANDARDS for QUALIFICATIONS in. ENTREPRENEURSHIP LEARNING . An EU-funded project managed by the European Agency for Reconstruction http://www.masht-gov.net/advCms/


Barrows, H.S. (1986). A taxonomy of problem-based learning methods. Medical Education 20, 481-486.

Bell, S. (2010). Project-Based Learning for the 21st Century: Skills for the Future, The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 83:2, 39-43.

Cull, J. (2006). Mentoring Young Entrepreneurs: What Leads to Success? International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring, 4(2), 8-18.

Donnelly, R. (2006). Blended problem-based learning for teacher education: Lessons learnt learning. Media and Technology, 31(2): 93-116.

Education and Culture DG (2013). The Future of Learning and Curriculum development - Draft Thematic Report http://ec.europa.eu/education/policy/strategic-framework/archive/documents/future-of-learn¬ing_en.pdf

European Comission. Entreprise and Industry (2009). Entrepreneurship in Vocational. Education and. Training. Final report of the Expert Group. ec.europa.eu/.../sme/.../vocational/entr_voca_en.pdf

Gartner, W.B. and Baker, T. (2010). A plausible history and exploration of Stevenson’s definition of entre-preneurship”, Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 30(4), 2.

Hamburg, I. (2014). Improving young entrepreneurship education and knowledge management in SMEs by mentors. In: World journal of education 4, no. 5, 51-57.

Hamburg, I. and O'Brien, E. (2014). Engaging SMEs in cooperation and new forms of learning. In: Computer and information science 7, no. 1, 9 p.

Hamburg, I. and O'Brien, E. (2014). Using strategic learning for achieving growth in SMEs. Journal of information technology and application in education 3(2), 77-83.

Hmelo, C.E. (1998). Problem-based learning: Effects on the early acquisition of cognitive skill in medicine. The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 7(2), 173-208.

Huag, W. (2011). Theory to reality: a few issues in implementing problem-based learning, Education Tech Research Dev (2011), vol 59.

Johnson, W.B. and Anderson, G.R. (2010). Formal Mentoring in the US Military. Naval War College. Rev. 63(2).

Jonassen, D.H. (1997). Instructional design models far well-structured and ill-structured problem solving learning outcomes. Educational Technology Research and Development, 45(1), 65-94.

Kram, K. (1985). Mentoring at work. Developmental relationships in organizational life. Scott, Foresman & Company, Glenview, ISBN 0-673-15617-6.

O'Brien, E. and Hamburg, I. (2014). Supporting sustainable strategies for SMEs through training, cooperation and mentoring. Higher education studies 2014, 4(2), 61-69.

PBL step by step | UM PBL PREP www.umpblprep.nl/pbl-step-by-ste

Shepherd, D.A. (2004). Educating entrepreneurship students about emotion and learning from failure. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 3(3), 274-287.

Srivastava, S.B. (2013). “Network Intervention: A Field Experiment to Assess the Effects of Formal Mentoring on Workplace Networks”. University of California, Berkeley, Working Paper. !

Tarascio, V.J. (1985). Cantillon's Essai: A Current Perspective" Journal of Libertarian Studies, 7 (2), 249-257.

Walters, R. and Sirotiak, T. (2011). Assessing the effect of project based learning on leadership abilities and communication skills. The 47th ASC Annual International Conference Proceedings.

Wenger, E. (1998). “Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning and Identity”. Cambridge MA: Cambridge University Press.




How to Cite

Hamburg, I. (2015). Learning Approaches for Entrepreneurship Education. Archives of Business Research, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.14738/abr.31.910