IS THE CHILDREN CGPA AFFECTED BY WORKING MOTHERS: ACROSS SECTIONAL STUDY OF STUDENTS IN LEBANESE UNIVERSITIES

  • Pierre Al-khoury Lebanese German University
  • Daoud Cheiboub Zein Bath University UK
  • Randa Saade International School of Management
Keywords: Working Mothers, Non-Working Mothers, Parents Working, Children Academic Participation, Academic Performance, GPA, CGPA

Abstract

“The working mother” isn’t a new concept in the global market, so is balancing between home, children and work. A misconception in the world says that the academic performance of children is negatively affected when the mother is a “working mother”. However, the real scenario is different: working mothers are more sensitive to their children’s education, from their academic performance, to their achievement of higher grades and CGPA. Data was collected from the Lebanese working parents and convenience sampling is used to collect data. Three-hundred respondents response is analyzed and 96% academic participation is seen. Working mothers in early infant ages of their children showed less academic performance as compared to those mothers who stayed at home in same period. Bianchi, Robinson, and Milkie (2006) demonstrated that the employed mothers are creative and finds ways to spend and maintain interactional time with their children. 

Author Biographies

Pierre Al-khoury, Lebanese German University
Vice President for Development
Daoud Cheiboub Zein, Bath University UK

PhD Candidate

Bath University
UK

Randa Saade, International School of Management

PhD candidate

International School of Management

Paris, France

References

Kovacs, D.D. (1999). Maternal Employment and Child Outcomes: The Direct Relationships. In L.W. Hoffman & L.M. Youngblade (Eds), Mothers at Work: Effects on Children’s Well- being, 152-173.

Bransford, J., Brown, A., & Cockking, R. (2000). How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience and School. National Academy Pressm. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Suneetha, B. and Mayuri, K., (2001), A study on age and gender differences on the factors affecting high academic achievement. J. Comm. Guid. Res., 18(2): 197-208.

Ruhm, C. (2004). Parental Employment and Child Cognitive Development. The Journal of Human Resources, 39, 155-192.

Tuttle, T. (2004) Family Background, Locality, and the Influence on SAT Scores for Indiana Class of 2000, Hoosier Briefs.

Davis-Kean (2005). The Influence Of Parent Education and Family Income On Child Achievement: The Indirect Role of Parental Expectations and The Home Environment. Journal of Family Psychology, Volume 19, Issue 2.

Kelly L. McIntosh, William Bauer (2006) Working Mothers VS Stay at Home Mothers : Impact on Children.

Crage, L. (2006). Parental education, time in paid work and time with children. British Journal of Sociology, 57(4).

Bianchi, S. M., Robinson, J. P., & Milkie, M. A. (2006). Changing Rhythms of American Family Life.

Jaeger,A. and Eagan,Jr. (2007). Exploring The Value Of Emotional Intelligence : A Means To Improve Academic Performance. NASPA Journal,Volume 44, Issue 3.

Darnell Cole, Araceli Espinoza (2008) Examining the Academic Success of Latino Students in Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). Journal of College Student Development, Volume 49, Issue .

Neha Acharya, Shobhna Joshi (2009) Influence of Parents' Education on Achievement Motivation of Adolescents. Indian Journal Social Science Researches Vol. 6, No. 1

Keith, P. M., Byerly, C., Floerchinger, H., Pence, E., & Thornberg, E. (2009). Deficit and resilience perspectives on performance and campus comfort of adult students. College Student Journal.

Yousefi, F. (2010). The Effects of Family Income on Test-Anxiety and Academic Achievement among Iranian High School Students. Asian Social Science, Volume 6, Issue 6.

The Social Issues Research Centre (2011) The Changing Face of Motherhood.

Buehler, C., O’Brien, M. (2011). Mother’s Part Time Employement: Association With Mother and Family Well-Being. Journal of Family Psychology, Volume 25, Issue 6.

Rachel A. Gordon (2011) Working mothers, stay-at-home mothers, and depression risk.

Cahn, J. (2011). Adolescent children of newly-Orthodox Jewish parents: Family functioning, parenting, and community integration as correlates of adjustment. . Doctoral Dissertation, Yeshiva University Azrieli New York.

Nasir, M. (2012). Demographic characteristics as correlates of academic acheivement of university students. Academic Research International, 2(2), 400-405.

Ahsan, D. M., & Kumar, D. A. (2013). A study of the academic achievement of children belonging to working and non-working mothers. International Journal of Education and Allied Sciences, 5(2), 19-22.

Published
2018-07-06
How to Cite
Al-khoury, P., Zein, D. C., & Saade, R. (2018). IS THE CHILDREN CGPA AFFECTED BY WORKING MOTHERS: ACROSS SECTIONAL STUDY OF STUDENTS IN LEBANESE UNIVERSITIES. Archives of Business Research, 6(6), 333-338. https://doi.org/10.14738/abr.66.3060