The Effects of Need Factors and Environment on the Formation of Security Consciousness

  • Yuhiko Toyoda School of Business Administration, Sanno University, Japan
  • Mika Takeuchi Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Jissen Women’s University, Japan
  • Hiroshi Ichikawa Department of Home Economics, Otsuma Women’s University, Japan
  • Mitsuteru Tashiro Institute for Info Socionomics, Tama University, Japan
  • Masao Suzuki Department of Human Sciences, Waseda University, Japan
Keywords: Internet Risk, Risk Management, Internet Literacy, Educational Tool,

Abstract

Educational institutions are taking initiatives in finding a balance between the benefits and dangers of Internet use. However, current curricula for Internet literacy are generalised to feed information and do not serve the individuals. This research aims to develop an educational tool to help each unique individual and will define the link between personal traits (especially the level of needs) and security consciousness. An online survey was conducted with 2,223 Japanese participants of both genders between the ages of 20 to 79 about their personal need, security consciousness, and the environment. We analysed the data for need factors, safety consciousness, and environment from an exploratory factor analysis. Covariance structure analysis based on the analysed factors clarified the effects of need factors and safety environment on General Security Consciousness and Higher Security Consciousness. The study found that some need factors facilitate General Security Consciousness, while others hinder it. The data shows that Security Environment had more effect on Higher Security Consciousness than personal attributes.

Author Biography

Yuhiko Toyoda, School of Business Administration, Sanno University, Japan

School of Management

Professor

References

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Published
2016-03-05