Vol 6 No 4 (2019): Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Imaging
Original Articles

Measuring Energy Efficiency in Kerala: Data Envelopment Analysis

AM Narayanan
Senior Consultant, Energy Management Centre, Srikrishna Nagar, Sreekaryam, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.
Published December 31, 2019
How to Cite
Pillai N, V., & Narayanan, A. (2019). Measuring Energy Efficiency in Kerala: Data Envelopment Analysis. Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Imaging, 6(4), 16-28. https://doi.org/10.14738/jbemi.64.7629


Traditionally, there are two basically reciprocal energy efficiency Indicators: one, in terms of energy intensity, that is, energy use per unit of activity output, and the other, in terms of energy productivity, that is, activity output per unit of energy use. The enquiry that has proceeded from the problems associated with this method of a single energy input factor in terms of productivity has led to multi-factor productivity analysis. We have here two approaches: parametric and non-parametric. Parametric approach famously includes two methods: the erstwhile popular total factor energy productivity analysis and the currently fanciful stochastic frontier production function analysis; The non-parametric approach is popularly represented by data envelopment analysis. The present paper is an attempt to measure efficiency in electrical energy consumption in Kerala, India. We apply the non-parametric mathematical programming method of data envelopment analysis of the multi-factor productivity approach, and estimate the efficiency measures under the two scale assumptions of constant returns to scale (CRS) and variable returns to scale (VRS); the latter includes both increasing (IRS) and decreasing returns to scale (DRS). Scale efficiency measures are also given to find out whether a firm is operating at its optimal size or not, implying degrees of capacity utilization.


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