What Is The New Tumor Marker For Detection Of Different Kidney Tumors? Modern Study To Isolation, Purification, And Characterization Of Galactose Binding Lectin From Sera Of Patients With Kidney Cancer

  • Rasha Hasan Jasim Chemistry Department, College of Education for Girls, University of Kufa. **Chemistry Department, College of Science, University of Baghdad
  • Hathama Razooki Hasan Chemistry Department, College of Science, University of Baghdad
  • Majed Khadum Husain Biochemistry Department, College of Medicine, University of Kufa. IRAQ
Keywords: lectin, kidney, cancer, galactose, tumor, purification


The present study was designed to investigate lectins in sera of patients with kidney tumors, in addition to non tumoral kidney disease patients. Fifty five patients of malignant kidney tumors were enrolled in addition to 23 patients of benign kidney tumors, and 18 patients of non tumoral kidney diseases used as control groups, in addition to 46 healthy individuals were also investigated. The age of patients and healthy individuals were 10-90 years. The measurement of total serum proteins revealed significant (p < 0.001) decrease in patients of malignant tumors when compared with those of benign, non tumoral diseases, and healthy individuals. The conditions of the hemagglutination assay of serum lectin activity were optimized. They were Tris buffer of 20 mM and pH 7.4, 60 mM CaCl2, 800 µg of defatted serum, 30 ˚C for serum samples, 60 minutes for serum samples, and human blood of group A+ suspension with 1.4 optical density. The measurement of the specific hemagglutination activity of lectins demonstrated significant (p < 0.001) elevation in patients of malignant tumors when compared with those of other patients and healthy individuals. Lectin activity was pointed out to be significantly (r = 0.767 at p < 0.0005) positively correlated with stage of malignancies. The cutoff value of the specific hemagglutination activity was found to equal 6 SHU for discriminatory malignant kidney tumors. Serum lectins activity were indicated to be inhibited by galactose, mannose, lactose, and N-acetyl galactosamine. Purification of lectin from sera of patients with malignant kidney tumors by affinity chromatography with the use of silver stain revealed galactose binding lectin (GalBL). The purified folds and the yield was 132 with 22.1. The polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) of purified lectin demonstrated one band consisted lectin activity. The approximate molecular weight of GalBL was determined and found to be 98.40. Purified lectin was characterized through the assessment of the capability to agglutinate RBCs, inhibition by EDTA, pH dependency, thermal dependent, and carbohydrate contents. GalBL was observed to be calcium independence lectins. These results suggest that the diagnosis of the specific hemagglutination activity of lectin is a promising biomarker for discrimination of malignant kidney tumor patients and the purified lectin could be introduced in the field of biomarkers.


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How to Cite
Jasim, R. H., Hasan, H. R., & Husain, M. K. (2015). What Is The New Tumor Marker For Detection Of Different Kidney Tumors? Modern Study To Isolation, Purification, And Characterization Of Galactose Binding Lectin From Sera Of Patients With Kidney Cancer. Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Imaging, 2(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.14738/jbemi.21.702