Main Article Content
Totemism is the philosophy in which animals and inanimate objects called totems are accepted as harmless co-habitants of man. Myths are folkloric tales of origins and existence, which are as doubtful as they are credible. In assessing Totemic and Mythological Imagery for cultural studies, the study specifically sought to; (i) measure the extent to which Igbo cultural images can hold students’ attention during cultural studies, and (ii) explore Igbo totemic and mythological themes for traditional synthesis in art. The research was experimental and descriptive survey. The 4-week long vacation experiment comprised 40 Junior Secondary School students of ages 12-14 (treatment, n=20; control, n=20) randomised from 60. The subject foci were; (i) Cultural Studies; Igbo, Social Studies and Agriculture, and (ii) Art; Fine art, Poetry and Drama. Three study instruments were used; (i) Igbo Totemic and Mythological Illustrations Scoring Chart (ITMI-SC), (ii) Igbo Totemic and Mythological Illustrations Mean Rating Table (ITMI-MRT), and (iii) Igbo Totemic and Mythological Illustrations Post-test Impact Assessment Mean Rating Table (ITMIPIA-MRT). The post-test course tagged; Igbo Totemic and Mythological Illustrations Post-test Impact Assessment Test (ITMI-PIAT) involved the treatment and control groups in a free-topic choice of artistic contents. Findings showed that the treatment group progressed in cultural studies with artistic illustrations and subsequently explored Igbo mythological contents freely in art. During the ITMI-PIAT post test, the treatment group excelled beyond the control group members who were significantly atelic. It is recommended that teachers adopt artistic pedagogies for ethnographical studies while injecting traditional contents in art learning processes.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
2. Erim, E.O. (1978). Cultural Totemism and the Idoma PreColonial History. The Calabar
Historical Journal, Vol. 2:1. P.56.
3. Nwashindu, V. and Ihediwa, N.C. (2015).Totemism in Igbo land and the challenges of the
21st century. Prof. Bassey Andah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol 7 & 8. P.46
4. DifferenceBetween.net (2018). Difference Between Myth and Mythology.
http://www.differencebetween.net/language/words-language/difference-between- myth-and-mythology. Accessed: October 26, 2018
5. Edwards, P. (1967). Equiano’s Travels. (ed.) Edinburge:Heinemann. 12.
6. Ndubuisi, L.(2014). 84 year-old farmer interviewed at Azunkwo Ndeaboh on the 27 the
of July, 2014. In: Nwashindu, V. and Ihediwa, N.C. (2015). Totemism in Igbo land and the challenges of the 21st century. Prof. Bassey Andah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol 7&8. Pp.47-48
7. Ogbalu, F. C (1983). Igbo Institutions and Customs. Onitsha: University Publishers
Company. P 56.
8. Alu, N.F., Onuora, C.N., Echem, S.O., Emefiesi, C.F., Philips, J.U. and Emelogu, C.M. (2018). Implications of using visual arts as alternative to audio-lingual communication among Nigerian deaf and dumb students. International Journal of Educational Policy Research and Review.(IJEPRR) Vol. 5 (9). November, 2018.
9. Ndubuisi, C. (2017). Visual art appreciation in Nigeria: the Zaria art society experience.
Mgbakoigba Journal of African Studies. Vol 6 (2). February 2017. P 1
10. Alu, N. F., Echem, S. O., Ogu, J. C., Arua, J. E., Uzoagba, C. O & Ukwa, J. N. (2019). Interrogation of urban Sculpture in Enugu with the Igbo Existential Doctrines of Monism and Pluralism for Tourism Development. Journal of Tourism and Heritage Studies (JTHS).Vol. 8(2). September, 2019. P. 97
11. Okeke, U. (1975). Panorama of Nigerian Art. Lagos: Academy Press Ltd.
12. Lathrop, P. (2018). Uche Okeke; an essay. Khan Academy. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-africa/west-africa/nigeria/a/uche-okeke Accessed: November 22, 2018
13. Okeke-Agulu, C. (2015) Postcolonial Modernism, Art and Decolonization in
Twentieth- Century Nigeria. Durham: Duke University Press
14. Ikpakronyi, S. (2004). The Zaria Art Society: A new consciousness. Edited by Paul Chike
Dike and Pat Oyelola. Lagos: National Gallery of Art, Nigeria
15. Oloidi, O. (1989). Constraints on the Growth and Development of Modern Nigerian Art
in Colonial Period: Journal of the Humanities. No. 5/6 June/December. Faculty of Arts, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
16. Okonkwo I.E. (2014). Towards quality art education: Challenges and opportunities.
UJAH: J. Arts and Humanities, UNIZIK. 15(1). Available at: https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ujah/article/view/109598
17. Angba, A.O., Alu, N.F. and Oyeoku, O.K. (2018). Implications of enlarging regatta
festivals in Nembe kingdom, Bayelsa State for art and heritage studies. Journal of Tourism and Heritage Studies. Vol 7:1. P.5
18. Bhat, A. (2018). Experimental research-definition, types of designs and advantages. QuestionPro. https://www.questionpro.com/blog/experimental-research/ Accessed: November 23, 2018
19. Fluidsurveys (2014). 3 types of survey research, when to use them, and how they can
benefit your organization!
http://fluidsurveys.com/university/3-types-survey-research-use-can-benefit-organization/ Accessed: November 30, 2018
20. Fox, N., Hunn, A. and Mathers, N. (2007). Sampling and sample size calculation.
The NIHR RDS for the East Midlands / Yorkshire & the Humber
21. Devault, G. (2018). What is stratified a random sample? The balance small business. https://www.thebalancesmb.com/what-is-a-stratified-random-sample-2296943 Accessed: November 23, 2018.