An investigation into the impact of career guidance on career choice of secondary students in Botswana career guidance

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reginald oats
Rukewe

Abstract

This is a qualitative study undertaken through a case study design. The study was carried out to investigate into the impact of career guidance on career choice of secondary students in Botswana. Data was collected from form 5 students, guidance & counselling teachers and principals at four (4) private senior secondary schools in Gaborone using a focus group interview, individual interviews and a qualitative-questionnaire. The study was inspired by the quest to understand the impact of career guidance and information provided in secondary in determining career choice of students in schools. The Systems Theory Framework (STF) was used as a guide the study. The findings reveal the absence of a robust career guidance programmes and practices in most of the schools. In schools with career guidance programmes, these were found wanting. Students show their awareness on subject combination and requirements for entry into higher institution in their responses. However, majority of the participants did not have enough career information as expected of students at their final stage of secondary education. The study concludes that due to the dynamic nature of career choice and planning process, career decision of students are influenced by various factors and that as such students need career guidance and information in order to make informed and wise decisions. Thus, in light of findings from this study we recommend that systematic guidance programmes which will adequately address the career needs of learners be developed and provided in schools.

Article Details

How to Cite
oats, reginald, & Rukewe, Y. (2020). An investigation into the impact of career guidance on career choice of secondary students in Botswana. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 7(1), 384-398. https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.71.6865
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References

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Science, 5(2), 89-97.
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professions. van Schaik.
Dilshad, R. M., & Latif, M. I. (2013). Focus group interview as a tool for qualitative research:
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Eyo, M., Joshua, A., & Esuong, A. (2010). Attitude of secondary school students towards
guidance and counselling services in Cross River State. Edo Journal of Counselling, 3(1),
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Fabea, I. B (2014). Educational






Bloxom, J. M., Bernes, K. B., Magnusson, K. C., Gunn, T. T., Bardick, A. D., Orr, D. T., &
McKnight, K. M. (2008). Grade 12 student career needs and perceptions of the
effectiveness of career development services within high schools. Canadian Journal of
Counselling, 42(2), 79.
Bojuwoye, O., & Mbanjwa, S. (2006). Factors impacting on career choices of Technikon
students from previously disadvantaged high schools. Journal of Psychology in
Africa, 16(1), 3-16.
Borchert, M. (2002). Career choice factors of high school students (Doctoral dissertation,
University of Wisconsin-Stout).
Braza, M. R. S., & Guillo Jr, R. M. (2015). Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Career
Choice of Private Secondary School Students. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary
Research, 3(4).
Bright, J. E., Pryor, R. G., Wilkenfeld, S., & Earl, J. (2005). The role of social context and
serendipitous events in career decision making. International journal for educational and
vocational guidance, 5(1), 19-36.
Brown, D. (2015). Career information, career counseling and career development. Pearson.
Brown, S. G., & Barbosa, G. (2001). Nothing is Going to Stop Me Now: Obstacles Perceived by
Low‐Income Women as They Become Self‐Sufficient. Public Health Nursing, 18(5),
364-372.
Buser, T., Niederle, M., & Oosterbeek, H. (2014). Gender, competition and career choices. The
Quarterly Journal of Economics, 129(3), 1409-1447.
Chemjor, E. J. (2016). Factors influencing the choice of agriculture subject by boys and girls in
public secondary schools in Kajiado county, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, University of
Nairobi).
Chireshe, R. (2013). Peer Counselling in Zimbabwean Secondary Schools. International Journal
on Educational Science, 5(4), 349-354.
Churchill GA & Brown TJ. 2007. Basic Marketing Research. 6th ed. Ohio, USA: Thomson
South-Western.
Clutter, C. (2010). The Effects of Parental Influence on Their Children’s Career
Choices (Doctoral dissertation, Kansas State University).
Cooper, D. R & Schindler, P. S. (2011). Business Research Methods, 11ed. Rochester, New
York, NY: Irwin McGraw-Hill
Cousins, L. H., Mickelson, R. A., Williams, B., & Velasco, A. (2008). Race and class challenges
in community collaboration for educational change. School Community Journal, 18(2), 29.
Creamer, E. G., & Laughlin, A. (2005). Self-authorship and women's career decision
making. Journal of College Student Development, 46(1), 13-27.
Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods
approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications.
Cutler, J. L., Alspector, S. L., Harding, K. J., Wright, L. L., & Graham, M. J. (2006). Medical
students’ perceptions of psychiatry as a career choice. Academic Psychiatry, 30(2), 144-
149.
Dabula, P., & Makura, A. H. (2013). High school students’ perceptions of career guidance and
development programs for university access. International Journal for Educational
Science, 5(2), 89-97.
De Vos, A. S. (Ed.). (2002). Research at grass roots: For the social sciences and human services
professions. van Schaik.
Dilshad, R. M., & Latif, M. I. (2013). Focus group interview as a tool for qualitative research:
An analysis. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 33(1), 191-198.
Edet, I. P. (2008). Parents and teachers perception of vocational guidance in secondary school in
Calabar metropolis – Calabar Cross River State. An unpublished post guidance diploma
thesis University of Calabar, Calabar.
Edjah, K., Dare, A. L., & Danso, L. M. (2007). Factors influencing attitudes of women towards
the education of female children. A case study of the Cape Coast munucipality of
Ghana. Gender and Behaviour, 5(1), 1072-1081.
Edwards, K., & Quinter, M. (2011). Factors influencing students career choices among
secondary school students in Kisumu municipality, Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, 2(2), 81-87.
Eyo, M., Joshua, A., & Esuong, A. (2010). Attitude of secondary school students towards
guidance and counselling services in Cross River State. Edo Journal of Counselling, 3(1),
87-99.
Fabea, I. B (2014). Educational