TY - JOUR
AU - Fèvre, Raymond
PY - 2022/02/23
Y2 - 2022/10/06
TI - Cosmological Constant (Λ); Fine Structure Constant (α) Two Results of Friedmann-Planck-Schwarzschild Models on Vacuum and Elementary Particles
JF - European Journal of Applied Sciences
JA - EJAS
VL - 10
IS - 1
SE - Articles
DO - 10.14738/aivp.101.11804
UR - https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/AIVP/article/view/11804
SP - 500-519
AB - <p>This article presents in a synthetic way three articles published in JHEPGC ([1], [2]), EJAS [12] and develops some aspects.</p><p> Two hypotheses are studied. In the first one, the vacuum is endowed with a quantum structure in which the vacuum particles are Friedmann-Planck micro-universes. For this, the article introduces a quantization of a closed Friedmann universe, then a quantization of the photon spheres filling this universe. This approach gives a numerical value consistent with cosmological measurements for the current dark energy density and the <strong>cosmological constant</strong> of our Universe.</p><p> Next, the second hypothesis takes the content of a model published in Physics Essays in 2013 [3], assuming that elementary particles are Schwarzschild photon spheres; these could be derived from the Friedmann photon spheres composing the vacuum particles. It is further recalled that the model presents a unified structure of elementary particles and allows us to calculate the value of the elementary electric charge and <strong>the fine structure constant</strong>. The masses of some elementary particles are calculated in a complementary model. Finally this article summarizes a model of closed cyclic universe described in reference [2].This universe begins as one alone Friedmann-Planck micro-universe, then multiplying to constitute our Universe. Further a Big-Rip suddenly transforms it into a Friedmann-Planck macro-universe on a much larger scale. This one is the beginning of a new Big-Bang with the same evolution as ours. This process can be assumed to explain the existence of the initial FP micro-universe: it would be the result of a Big-Rip at the end of the evolution of a much smaller scale universe.</p>
ER -